The United Nations Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR) is the leading UN body on human rights; it was founded in December 1993, and operates on an international level to prevent the violation of human rights. OHCHR's primary goal is on advancing all human rights, as outlined in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in addition to overseeing the Human Rights Council in Geneva. Under extreme conditions of violence, war, and insecurity, OHCHR ensures the preservation of human rights.
Millions of women and girls continue to face discrimination and violence, being deprived of their equality, dignity, autonomy, and sometimes even life, despite significant progress achieved in ensuring women's rights throughout the world. The fight for women’s rights still goes on and the delegates are invited to look into possible solutions to address the issue of violence against women, be it physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering.
Our other agenda item focuses on albinism which is a rare, non-contagious hereditary disorder that affects people all over the world and is gravely misunderstood on a social and medical level. People with albinism are often marginalized and socially excluded. In some countries—primarily in some parts of Africa, where people with albinism are hypervisible—the physical appearance of people with albinism has been the object of erroneous beliefs and myths influenced by superstition, witchcraft, or both. Witchcraft-related myths have fostered acute marginalization, social exclusion, and physical attacks. Related harmful practices include accusations of witchcraft, killing, maiming, rape, grave robbery, trafficking in persons, and trafficking in body parts. Women and children with albinism are particularly vulnerable to violence, including sexual violence, which is often driven by harmful myths about, and fetishization of, albinism. Despite these severe forms of persecution and discrimination, people with albinism are often denied justice and face barriers to accessing effective remedies for human rights violations.